Insights & Analysis

October 31, 2022

Weekly EconMinute—Alberta’s ethnocultural diversity

In this week’s EconMinute, we’re talking about Alberta’s ethnocultural diversity.  

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The latest release from the 2021 Census shows that more than a quarter (27.8%) of Albertans are part of a racialized group (persons, other than Indigenous persons, who are non-white in colour), and Alberta is the third most diverse province in Canada. Only Ontario (34.3%) and British Columbia (34.4%) have populations with a higher proportion of racialized groups.

Alberta’s population share of racialized groups (27.8%) is slightly higher than the national population share of 26.5% (Figure 1).

In 2021, 1.2 million Albertans reported belonging to a racialized group, up from 933,000 five years earlier. This represents an increase of nearly 25%, compared to just 5% for the population as a whole.

Here’s what the data tells us about Alberta’s ethnocultural diversity:

  • South Asians and Filipinos are the two largest racialized groups in Alberta. South Asians represented 7.1% of Alberta’s population, and Filipinos represented 5.2% of the population.
  • Alberta has an outsized proportion of Filipinos, with more than one in five (22.6%) Filipinos in Canada living in Alberta.
  • Alberta’s most diverse municipality is Brooks, where 48.6% of the population belong to a racialized group. The most prominent is the Black population, representing 22.3% of Brooks residents.
  • Calgary and Edmonton are Alberta’s second and third most diverse municipalities. Racialized groups make up 38.8% of Calgary’s population and 33.3% of Edmonton’s population.
  • Calgary is the third most diverse major city in the country, following Vancouver and Toronto, where more than half of the population in both cities belongs to a racialized group.

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In the spirit of truth, reconciliation, and respect, we honour and acknowledge the lands upon which we live and work as guests, including the traditional territories of the First Nations in Treaties 6, 7, and 8 and the citizens of the Metis Nation of Alberta. We thank the First Peoples of this land, which we now call Alberta, for their generations of stewardship of the land, and we seek to walk together in the spirit of truth and reconciliation to build a shared future for all in Alberta.

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